Francesca Bray is a historian and anthropologist of science, technology and medicine. Her interests range from medieval Chinese farming illustrations to the iconography of toilets in contemporary California. Her first book was the volume on Agriculture in Joseph Needham's series Science and Civilisation in China. Since then she has worked at the CNRS in Paris and the University of California; she is now Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Edinburgh. Her books include Technology and Gender: Fabrics of Power in Late Imperial China (California, 1997), Graphics and Text in the Production of Technical knowledge in China: The Warp and the Weft (Brill, 2007, co-edited with Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann and Georges Métailié), and Technology, Gender and History in Imperial China: Great Transformations Reconsidered (Routledge, 2013). She is especially interested in developing comparative approaches that offer alternatives to Eurocentric accounts of science and technology, working on exploratory projects with colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science and the Chinese Academy of Science, serving on the editorial boards of Technology & Culture and East Asian Science, Technology and Society, and as President-Elect of the Society for the History of Technology.