Leonardo

Volume 30, No. 4 (1997)

Issue Contents
August/September 1994

Leonardo is a print journal, edited by Leonardo/the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology, and published by the MIT Press. Subscriptions and individual issues can be ordered from the MIT Press.

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Editorial

Curtis E.A. Karnow: In Collaboration with Machines


The Leonardo Gallery

Paul Hertz, curator; Roshini Kempadoo, Rejane Spitz, Richard Maxwell, Torrey Nommesen, Annette Barbier, Esther Parada


Artist's Article

Mistaken Identities: An Interactive CD-ROM Genealogy

By Christine Tamblyn

The author describes the technical and rhetorical strategies she employed in her recent CD-ROM, Mistaken Identities. This project is organized around the lives and work of 10 famous women: Josephine Baker, Simone de Beauvoir, Catherine the Great, Colette, Marie Curie, Marlene Dietrich, Isadora Duncan, Frida Kahlo, Margaret Mead and Gertrude Stein. Although the author selected these female role models because of their emblematic status, the CD-ROM examines them as complex figures whose identities are not essential or fixed, but contingent and mutable. Representing her subjects in this way, the author subverts their commodification as cultural icons.


Artists' Statements

Sue Rees: Coordinates for an Alignment of a Jigsaw

Guy Levrier: A Painter's Thesis: Quantum Physics as an Inspiration for Art

Jiri Matousek and Jiri Valoch: Sculptural Creations Based on Astronomical Phenomena


Special Section: Art and Biology

Moet Hennessy-Louis Vuitton Science for Art Abstracts


Aaron Klug: Principles of the Architecture and Morphogenesis of Biological Assemblies

Peter Lawrence: Genetics of Animal Design

Jean-Pierre Sauvage: Interlocking Rings and Knots at the Molecular Level

Donald A. Tomalia: Dendrimers and Dendron Controlled Macromolecular Structure


Historical Perspective

Lygia Clark and Helio Oiticica: A Legacy of Interactivity and Participation for a Telematic Future

By Simone Osthoff

This essay discusses the artistic legacies of Brazilian artists Lygia Clark (1920-1988) and Helio Oiticica (1937-1980), focusing on the interactive vocabularies developed from their participatory creations of the 1960s and 1970s and pointing to the practical and conceptual relevance of these vocabularies for artists working with digital communications technology. The article also explores the critical and original way Clark and Oiticica, working at the margins of capitalism, reframed modernist aesthetic issues by translating them directly into life and the body. The author concludes with an examination of the artists' interactive non-electronic works, which share common conceptual ground with the works of Australian artist Stelarc, the New York-based X-Art Foundation and British artist Roy Ascott.


Theoretical Perspective

Propositional Music: On Emergent Properties in Morphogenesis and the Evolution of Music

Part I: Essays, Propositions and Commentaries

By David Rosenboom

This two-part article describes the author's point of view about creative music-making, termed propositional music. According to this view, composing involves proposing models for whole musical realities, emphasizing the dynamic emergence of forms through evolution and transformation. In Part I, the author discusses related areas of music, science and philosophy that influence this view, including morphogenesis; the emergence of global properties; the nature of forms; the natural emergence of networked interactivity; implications of the infosphere for art making; and potential sources of new mythology for our culture. Part 2 is in Leonardo Music Journal Volume 7 (1997).


Special Section: Creativity and Cognition Conference Papers

Edward Burton: Artificial Innocence: Interactions between the Study of Children's Drawing and Artificial Intelligence

Nigel Cross: Creativity in Design: Analyzing and Modeling the Creative Leap

William Godwin, Paivi Makirinne-Crofts and Sohrab Saadat: Objects in Transition: A Spatial Paradigm for Creative Design

John A. Waterworth: Creativity and Sensation: The Case for Synaesthetic Media


Reviews

Istvan Hargittai, Stephen Wilson, Cliff Pickover, Cynthia Pannucci


About the Covers

Front Cover: Sonya Rapoport, Objects on My Dresser: Displacing Elements on the Periodic Table, 41 x 56 inches, 1979. Objects on My Dresser was an ongoing artwork created from 1978 through 1983. By using the random set of objects that had collected on her dresser, the artist evaluated their psychological implications through a computer analysis using qualitative input. One of the many aesthetic expressions resulting from the analysis was a Periodic Table in which the symbol of each element was replaced by the image of an object containing the same initial letters. For example, the object "plate" replaces the element platinum, atomic number 78.


Back Cover: Sonya Rapoport, Objects on My Dresser: Object Cards for Computer Plots, series of 58 cards, 3 1/4 x 7 3/8 inches, 1979. The artist used these cards to make labels for the computer plots for the artwork Objects on My Dresser (shown on front cover). After the artist used the cards to run the computer program and create the labels of the objects, she pasted the images of the objects themselves on the cards, as seen on the back cover. The focus was the relationship between two sets of words: the words assigned to the objects and the words assigned to their associated objects.







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